Racial & Social Equity in Employment: Challenges and Solutions

Identifying Disparities

According to the American Community Survey, significant disparities exist in the employment outcomes of people who are blind or have low vision based on individual intersectional characteristics. For example, Black and Native American working-age people with vision loss are less likely to report being employed than White and Asian respondents (about 42% of B/LV Whites are employed compared to about 33% of B/LV Blacks). In order to address such disparities and others that may exist based on gender, sexual orientation, household income, and immigration status, better awareness of these disparities is needed. Potential efforts to understand where the disparities include: (1) collecting data, including Current Population Survey and program participation data, that can be readily disaggregated by disability type, race, gender, income, and other characteristics to the extent that individuals' privacy can still be maintained; and (2) requiring Department of Labor funded research and/or evaluation projects to assess the extent to which disability type, race, gender, and income may or may not affect individuals' likelihood of success in a given program. Recognizing that the more than 40 million people with disabilities are a diverse population by both disability type and other characteristics will ensure that interventions are targeted to individual needs and opportunities to the greatest extent possible.

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Idea No. 676